Lighthouse Nomenclature,
Positions and Characteristics


Note: These positions came from a variety of sources, not always deemed accurate enough for navigational purposes. They are intended to provide an historical perspective, and are not intended for navigational purposes. Through the years even official sources have reported different positions for the same lighthouse.

  • Absecon Lighthouse - 39 21' 56" x 74 24' 53"
  • Barnegat Lighthouse - 39 45' 49" x 74 06' 05"
  • Bergen Point Lighthouse - 40 38' 32.5" x 74 08' 56.4"
  • Brandywine Shoal Lighthouse (old screwpile)- 38 59' 10" x 75 06' 48"`
  • Cape May Lighthouse - 38 55' 59" x 74 57' 39"
  • Cohansey Lighthouse - (1838 lighthouse) 39 20' 19" x 75 21' 38" (1883 ighthouse) 39 20' 33" x 75 21' 44"
  • Conover Beacon - 40 25' 14" x 74 03' 21"
  • Cross Ledge - 39 09' 47" x 75 16' 07"
  • Deepwater Point Front Range Light (1876)- 39 41' 04" x 75 30' 50"
  • Deepwater Point Rear Range Light (1876) - 39 41' 59" x 75 29' 38"
  • East Point Lighthouse - 39 11'45" x 75 01' 39"
  • Egg Island Lighthouse (old) - 39 10' 28" x 75 08' 56" (new) 39 10' 44" x 75 08' 13"
  • Elbow Beacon - 40 42' 05.9" x 74 07' 28.8"
  • Elbow of Cross Ledge - 39 10' 54" x 75 16' 17"
  • Finns Point Front Range Light (old) - 39 35' 39" x 75 32' 18"
  • Finns Point Rear Range Light - 39 37' 02" c 75 32' 03"
  • Fort Mifflin Front Range Light - aka Mifflin Bar Range, or Fort Mifflin Bar Cut, Tinicum Island Front Range  Light, Tinicum  Front Range Light (1880) - 39 50' 51" x 75 15' 11"
  • Fort Mifflin Rear Range Light (1880)- 39 50' 35" x 75 15' 40"
  • Fourteen Foot Bank (technically in Delaware) - 39 02' 54" x 75 10' 57"
  • Hereford Inlet Lighthouse - 39 00' 00" x 74 47' 00"
  • Little Egg Harbor Lighthouse - aka Tucker Island Lighthouse, and Sea Haven Lighthouse, 39 30' 19" x 74 17' 09"
  • Horseshoe Lower Front Range Light - 39 52' 23" x 75 09' 02"
  • Horseshoe Upper Range Light - 39 52' 25" x 75 08' 56"
  • Horseshoe Rear Range Light - 39 52' 17" x 75 09' 00"
  • Ludlum Beach Lighthouse - 39 09' 42" x 74 41' 05"
  • Maurice River Cove Lighthouse - front light - 39 13' 09" x 75 02' 46" : rear light - 39 13' 24" x 75 02' 49"
  • Miah Maull Lighthouse - 39 07' 33" x 75 12' 34"
  • Navesink Twin Lights - North Tower at 40 23' 45" x 73 59' 11" : South Tower at 40 23' 43" by 73 59' 10"
  • Passaic Lighthouse - 40 41' 44" x 74 07' 40"
  • Point Comfort Front Range Light - 40 26' 51" x 74 07' 17"
  • Sandy Hook East Beacon - aka the Hook Beacon - 40 28' 16" x 74 00' 27"
  • Sandy Hook Lighthouse - 40 26' 40" x 74 00' 08"
  • Sandy Hook West Beacon - 40 27' 48" x 74 00' 27"
  • Ship John Shoal Lighthouse - 39 18' 19" x 75 22' 37"
  • Tinicum Island Rear Range Light - 39 50' 51" x 75 14' 24"
  • Waakaack Rear Range Light - 40 26' 36" x 74 08' 11"

  • Lightships - as of 1941

  • Ambrose Station-40 27' x 73 49'
  • Barnegat Station-39 46' x 73 56'
  • Five Fathom Bank Station-38 47' x 74 35'
  • Scotland Station-40 27' x 73 55'
  • Upper Middle Lightship (1823) (also known variously as the Cross Ledge Lightship, Upper Middle Ground Lightship and Lightboat #2)- 39 02' 54" x 75 10' 57"
  • Characteristics of the lights

    Characteristic- Lights are given distinctive characteristics so that one light may be distiguished from another. This is achieved by using a combination of colors, flashes of various duration, or varying the intervals between flashes.

    Classes of Lights- there are 7 basic kinds of lights:

    • Fixed - Showing a steady light.
    • Flashing - two sub-types - single flash at regular intervals where the duration of light is less than the duration of darkness, and a steady light, which is totally eclipsed at regular intervals and the duration of light is less than the duration of darkness.
    • Group Flashing - Two or more flashes at regular intervals.
    • Group occulting - showing a steady light, with, at regular intervals,a group of 2 or more sudden eclipses.
    • Occulting - showing a steady light at regular intervals followed by a sudden and total elcipse.
    • Fixed and Flashing - a fixed light varied at regular intervals by a single flash of greater brilliancy. Flash may or may nor be preceeded and/or followed by an eclipse.
    • Fixed, group flashing - showing a fixed light varied at regular intervals by a group of two or more flashes of greater brilliancy, which may or may not be preceeded or followed by an eclipse.

                                                                                                                                                                                      2007 NJLHS